Background: Human proteome contains a plethora of short linear peptide motifs that is
crucial for signaling and other cellular processes. These motifs are difficult to identify due to lack
of systematic approach for their detection.
Objectives: Here we demonstrate the use of peptide phage display in combination with high
throughput next generation sequencing to identify enriched peptide sequences through biopanning
process against polo box domain (PBD) of mitotic polo like kinase 1 (Plk1).
Method: Purified recombinant Plk1 and two unrelated controls namely B-lymphocyte antigen
(CD20) and fluorescent protein (mCherry) were subjected to peptide phage display analysis. Bacterially-
propagated phage DNA was amplified by PCR using triplet bar coded primers to tag the pool
from each amplicon.
Results: Proteomic peptide phage display along with next generation sequencing and Bioinformatics
analysis demonstrated several known and putative novel interactions which were potentially
related to Plk1-PBD. With our strategy, we were able to identify and characterize several Plk1-PBD
binding peptides, as well as to define more precisely consensus sequences.
Conclusion: We believe that this information could provide valuable tool for exploring novel interaction
involved in Plk1 signaling as well as to choose peptides for Plk1 specific drug development.