Genomic Insights into the Adaptive Convergent Evolution

Author(s): Yan Hao, Yanhua Qu, Gang Song, Fumin Lei*.

Journal Name: Current Genomics

Volume 20 , Issue 2 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Adaptive convergent evolution, which refers to the same or similar phenotypes produced by species from independent lineages under similar selective pressures, has been widely examined for a long time. Accumulating studies on the adaptive convergent evolution have been reported from many different perspectives (cellular, anatomical, morphological, physiological, biochemical, and behavioral). Recent advances in the genomic technologies have demonstrated that adaptive convergence can arise from specific genetic mechanisms in different hierarchies, ranging from the same nucleotide or amino acid substitutions to the biological functions or pathways. Among these genetic mechanisms, the same amino acid changes in protein-coding genes play an important role in adaptive phenotypic convergence. Methods for detecting adaptive convergence at the protein sequence level have been constantly debated and developed. Here, we review recent progress on using genomic approaches to evaluate the genetic mechanisms of adaptive convergent evolution, summarize the research methods for identifying adaptive amino acid convergence, and discuss the future perspectives for researching adaptive convergent evolution.

Keywords: Convergent evolution, Phenotype, Genomics, Genetic mechanism, Amino acid convergence, Adaptive evolution.

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VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2019
Page: [81 - 89]
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DOI: 10.2174/1389202920666190313162702
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