Prunella vulgaris: A Comprehensive Review of Chemical Constituents, Pharmacological Effects and Clinical Applications

Author(s): Su-Juan Wang, Xiao-He Wang, Yuan-Yuan Dai, Ming-Hua Ma, Khalid Rahman, Hua Nian*, Hong Zhang*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 25 , Issue 3 , 2019


Abstract:

Prunella vulgaris (PV) is a perennial herb belonging to the Labiate family and is widely distributed in the northeastern Asian countries such as Korea, Japan, and China. It is reported to display diverse biological activities including anti-microbial, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammation as determined by in vitro or in vivo studies. So far, about 200 compounds have been isolated from PV plant and a majority of these have been characterized mainly as triterpenoids, sterols and flavonoids, followed by coumarins, phenylpropanoids, polysaccharides and volatile oils. This review summarizes and analyzes the current knowledge on the chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, mechanisms of action and clinical applications of the PV plant including its potential as a future medicinal plant. Although some of the chemical constituents of the PV plant and their mechanisms of action have been investigated, the biological activities of many of these remain unknown and further clinical trials are required to further enhance its reputation as a medicinal plant.

Keywords: Prunella vulgaris, constituent, activity, application, review, triterpenoids.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 25
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2019
Page: [359 - 369]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190313121608
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