Synthesis, Structural Characterization, Molecular Modeling and DNA Binding Ability of CoII, NiII, CuII, ZnII, PdII and CdII Complexes of Benzocycloheptenone Thiosemicarbazone Ligand

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Author(s): Hoda A. El-Ghamry*, Mohamed Gaber , Thoraya A. Farghaly.

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

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Six novel complexes of transition metal namely, [CoLCl2(H2O)2]0.5H2O, [NiLCl2(H2O)2]0.5H2O, [CuLCl2]0.5H2O, [ZnLCl2], [PdLCl2]H2O and [CdLCl2]H2O, where L is benzocycloheptenone thiosemicarbazone ligand, have been obtained. The confirmation of the structures of the obtained metal chelates depends on the different spectral and physicochemical techniques including CHN analysis, infrared spectra, molar conductivity measurement, UV-vis, thermogravimetric analysis and magnetic moment. The infrared spectral results ascertained that the ligand behaved as neutral bidentate connecting the metal centers via N and S atoms of C=N and C=S groups, respectively. The UV-Vis, molar conductivity and magnetic susceptibility results implied that the geometrical structures of the metal chelates are octahedral for Co(II) & Ni(II) complexes, tetrahedral for Zn(II) & Cd(II) complexes and square planar for Cu(II) & Pd(II) complexes which have been confirmed by molecular modeling studies. Moreover, the mode of interaction between some chosen metal complexes towards SS-DNA has been thoughtful by UV-Vis spectra and viscosity measurements. The value of the intrinsic binding constant (Kb) for the examined compounds has been found to be lower than the binding affinity of the classical intercalator ethedium bromide. Also, the viscosity measurements of the complexes proved that they bind to DNA, most likely, by a non-intercalative mode like H-bonding or electrostatic interactions.

Keywords: thiosemicarbazone, metal complexes, Spectroscopy, DNA binding, Molecular modeling

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1389557519666190301143322
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