Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are highly preferred in clinical therapy for
repair and regeneration of diseased tissues for their multipotent properties. Conventionally, MSCs have
been cultured in media supplemented with animal derived serum, however, it is ideal to expand MSCs
in media containing supplements of human origin for clinical therapy. Currently, a number of human
derived products are being studied as an alternative to animal sources. Amongst these, platelet lysate
(PL) has gained interest in the culture of MSCs without affecting their phenotypic property.
Objective: In this study, we used various concentration of PL (2.5, 5, 7.5 & 10%) in the growth medium
of MSCs to identify the least concentration of PL that could be an effective alternative to animal
Methods: MSCs were isolated from Wharton’s Jelly by using explant method and expanded in various
concentration of PL supplemented medium against the standard FBS containing medium. WJ-MSCs
were characterised as per the minimal criteria proposed by International Society for Cell therapy
(ISCT), Proliferation study by BrdU assay, gene expression study by qRT-PCR, sterility test for bacteria,
Mycoplasma by PCR and endotoxin detection by LAL assay.
Results: Whartons jelly derived MSCs (WJ-MSCs) cultured using standard medium supplemented
with various concentration of PL exhibited enhanced proliferation and differentiation potential, unaltered
immunophenotypic property and genetic stability when compared with the commercial medium
containing 10% FBS.
Conclusion: The least concentration of PL for an ideal expansion of MSCs was found to be 2.5% and
was comparable to FBS.