Future Anti-aldosterone Agents

Author(s): Kyriakos Dimitriadis*, Constantinos Tsioufis, Panayotis Iliakis, Alexandros Kasiakogias, Ioannis Andrikou, Ioannis Leontsinis, Dimitrios Konstantinidis, Dimitrios Tousoulis.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 24 , Issue 46 , 2018


Abstract:

Background: Targeting the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis is one of the most important therapeutic pathways for blood pressure control, renal and cardiovascular protection.

Objective: In this review, the new nonsteroidal mineralcorticoid receptor antagonists will be presented with a special focus on finerenone and its randomized controlled trials along with an introduction to the clinically promising aldosterone synthase inhibitors.

Method: We conducted an in-detail review of the literature in order to draft a narrative review on the field.

Results: Development of new anti-aldosterone agents focusing on the diverse components of aldosterone production and action is now taking place. Nonsteroidal mineralοcorticoid receptor antagonists are safe and effective therapeutic solutions with finerenone being the most well-studied agent with promising clinical data extending its efficacy in diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease and heart failure. Aldosterone synthase inhibitors impact the hormonal balance but there are still limitations regarding the duration of action and adverse effect of the glycolcorticoid axis.

Conclusion: Novel third-generation, nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists seem to offer great advantages, which may lead to a wider use of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. Future randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate significant perspectives.

Keywords: Mineralcorticoid receptor antagonists, finerenone, aldosterone synthase inhibitors, hyperkalemia, heart failure, diabetic nephropathy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 24
ISSUE: 46
Year: 2018
Page: [5548 - 5554]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190222145116
Price: $58

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