Activation of GLP-1 and Glucagon Receptors Regulates Bile Homeostasis Independent of Thyroid Hormone

Author(s): Vishal J. Patel, Amit A. Joharapurkar*, Samadhan G. Kshirsagar, Brijesh K. Sutariya, Maulik S. Patel, Rajesh H. Bahekar, Mukul R. Jain .

Journal Name: Current Molecular Pharmacology

Volume 12 , Issue 2 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Balanced coagonists of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucagon receptors are emerging therapies for the treatment of obesity and diabetes. Such coagonists also regulate lipid metabolism, independent of their body weight lowering effects. Many actions of the coagonists are partly mediated by fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) signaling, with the major exception of bile homeostasis. Since thyroid hormone is an important regulator of bile homeostasis, we studied the involvement of thyroid hormone in coagonist-induced changes in lipid and bile metabolism.

Methods: We evaluated the effect of a single dose of coagonist Aib2 C24 chimera2 at 150 to 10000 µg/kg on tetraiodothyronine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) in high-fat diet-induced obese (DIO) mice and chow-fed mice. Repeated dose treatment of coagonist (150 µg/kg, subcutaneously) was assessed in four mice models namely, on lipid and bile homeostasis in DIO mice, propylthiouracil (PTU)-treated DIO mice, methimazole (MTM)-treated DIO mice and choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined, highfat diet (CDAHFD)-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Results: Single dose treatment of coagonist did not alter serum T3 and T4 in chow-fed mice and DIO mice. Coagonist treatment improved lipid metabolism and biliary cholesterol excretion. Chronic treatment of GLP-1 and glucagon coagonist did not alter serum T3 in hypothyroid DIO mice and CDAHFDinduced NASH. Coagonist increased serum T4 in DIO mice after 4 and 40 weeks of treatment, though no change in T4 levels was observed in hypothyroid mice or mice with NASH.

Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that coagonist of GLP-1 and glucagon receptors does not modulate bile homeostasis via thyroid signaling.

Keywords: Coagonist, GLP-1, glucagon, thyroid hormone, bile homeostasis, hypothyroid, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fibrotic effects.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2019
Page: [139 - 146]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1874467212666190212112402
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