Establishment of Novel Cells Stably Secreting Various Human IL-18 Recombinant Proteins

Author(s): Asuka Kumagai, Kenji Shimizu, Riho Kurata, Xiaofeng Cui, Takayuki Isagawa, Masamitsu Harada, Jun Nagai, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Kei-ichi Ozaki, Norihiko Takeda, Hiroaki Semba, Tomo Yonezawa*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 20 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: The immunotherapies against cancer, autoinmmune diseases or infection are remarkable development. These days programmed cell death (PD)-1 antibody-induced immune checkpoint blockade or chimeric antigen receptor-T cells (CAR-T) have been shown to have eminent therapeutic effects on tumor development. We have focused on adoptive transfer with human gamma delta T cells for novel immunotherapies. Additionally, IL-18 is one of the cytokines that enhances cytokine secretion and cytotoxicity of human gamma delta T cells.

Method: Thus, we established novel cell lines stably expressing and secreting various types of human recombinant IL-18 proteins to their culture supernatants using episomal vector. We also differentiated primary cultured human gamma delta T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes to validate biological activity of the IL-18 proteins using measuring IFN-γ by ELISA.

Results and Conclusion: Finally, we demonstrated that the supernatant could activate human gamma delta T cells using monitoring interferon gamma in culture medium.

Keywords: IL-18, EBNA1, OriP, conditioned medium, human gamma delta T cells, IFN-γ.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [47 - 55]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1389201020666190206203640
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