Interactome Analysis of the Differentially Expressed Proteins in Uterine Leiomyoma

Author(s): Tahreem Sahar, Aruna Nigam, Shadab Anjum, Farheen Waziri, Shipie Biswas, Swatantra K. Jain, Saima Wajid*.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 19 , Issue 10 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Recent advances in proteomics present enormous opportunities to discover proteome related disparities and thus understanding the molecular mechanisms related to a disease. Uterine leiomyoma is a benign monoclonal tumor, located in the pelvic region, and affecting 40% of reproductive aged female.

Objective: Identification and characterization of the differentially expressed proteins associated with leiomyogenesis by comparing uterine leiomyoma and normal myometrium.

Methods: Paired samples of uterine leiomyoma and adjacent myometrium retrieved from twenty-five females suffering from uterine leiomyoma (n=50) were submitted to two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE), matrixassisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and to reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

Results: Comparison of protein patterns revealed seven proteins with concordantly increased spot intensities in leiomyoma samples. E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase MIB2 (MIB2), Mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription subunit 10 (MED10), HIRA-interacting protein (HIRP3) and Fatty acid binding protein brain (FABP7) were found to be upregulated. While, Biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex 1 subunit 2 (BL1S2), Shadow of prion protein (SPRN) and RNA binding motif protein X linked like 2 (RMXL2) were found to be exclusively present in leiomyoma sample. The expression modulations of the corresponding genes were further validated which corroborated with the 2-DE result showing significant upregulation in leiomyoma. We have generated a master network showing the interactions of the experimentally identified proteins with their close neighbors and further scrutinized the network to prioritize the routes leading to cell proliferation and tumorigenesis.

Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of identified proteins as potential targets for therapeutic purpose. This work provides an insight into the mechanism underlying the overexpression of the proteins but warrants further investigations.

Keywords: Monoclonal tumor, leiomyoma, myometrium, proteomics, 2-DE, MALDI-TOF MS, real-time PCR.

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VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2019
Page: [1293 - 1312]
Pages: 20
DOI: 10.2174/1871520619666190206143523
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