The Study on Semi-Blunt Puncture Behavior of Nanofiber Membrane/ Non-Woven Composite Material

Author(s): Fei-Fei Wang, Qian Wang, Yan Zhang, Zhu-Xin Zhao, Ping Wang*, Dian-tang Zhang*.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Volume 13 , Issue 1 , 2019

Submit Manuscript
Submit Proposal

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Nanofiber membrane/non-woven composite material is composed of electrospinning nanofiber membrane and non-woven fabric, which combines the supporting role of nonwoven material and the special nano-size effect of nanomaterials.

Objective: These composite material can be widely used in biomedical, filtration and other related fields. In the actual use process, nanofiber membrane/non-woven composite material is often subjected to external forces such as puncture or bursting. As a result, the mechanical study of nanofiber membrane/ non-woven composite materials has a high value and practical significance.

Methods: The nanofiber membrane/non-woven composite material was obtained by spraying solution (different concentrations of titanium dioxide-loaded Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA)) on meltblown polyester non-woven fabric. The surface morphology and fiber diameter of different concentrations nanotitanium dioxide-loaded Poly (vinyl alcohol) fiber were investigated by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM). The surface distribution of TiO2 on the electrospun fibrous membranes was characterized by Energy Disperse Spectroscopy (EDS). The semi-blunt puncture behavior of different concentrations of nano-titanium dioxide-loaded nanofiber membrane/non-woven composite material was conducted by universal material machine.

Results: With the increase of concentrations of nano-titanium dioxide particles, the surface smoothness of nanofibers diminishes, the unevenness of the diameter distribution of the fiber increased and the maximum semi-blunt puncture strength increased.

Conclusion: The addition of hard particles does contribute to improving the puncture properties of the composite materials. Several patents, related to electrospinning and bubble electrospinning equipment for nanofiber fabrication, have been reported.

Keywords: Electrospinning, nano-titanium dioxide, PVA, semi-blunt puncture behavior, composite material, patents.

[1]
Maeda N, Miao J, Simmons TJ, Dordick JS, Linhardt RJ. Composite polysaccharide fibers prepared by electrospinning and coating. Carbohydr Polym 2014; 102(4): 950-5.
[2]
Yu L, Shao Z, Xu L, Wang M. High throughput preparation of aligned nanofibers using an improved bubble-electrospinning. Polymers 2017; 9(12): 658.
[3]
Zhao JH, Xu L, Liu Q. Effect of ethanol post-treatment on the bubble-electrospun poly (vinyl alcohol) nanofiber. Therm Sci 2015; 19(4): 1353-6.
[4]
Fang Y, Xu L, Wang M. High-throughput preparation of silk fibroin nanofibers by modified bubble-electrospinning. Nanomaterials 2018; 8: 471.
[5]
Shao Z, Song Y, Xu L. Formation mechanism of highly aligned nanofibers by a modified bubble-electrospinning. Therm Sci 2018; 22(1): 5-10.
[6]
Lan X, Zhao JH, Hua L. Numerical simulation for the single-bubble electrospinning process. Therm Sci 2015; 19(4): 1255-9.
[7]
Park JC. Electrospinning apparatus. EP Patent 2966197A1, 2016
[8]
Wang FF, Wang P, Sun ZY. Electrospinning device. CN Patent 201710365311.1, 2017
[9]
Zhan ZF, Deng KX, Xuan YY. Electrospinning equipment. CN Patent 201810317769.4, 2018.
[10]
Liu YB, Liu J, Qi DY, Wang AM, Zhang CQ. Cutting-edge needleless electrospinning device. CN Patent 201310186515.0, 2015.
[11]
Meng X, Xin BJ, Jin SX, Zhang R, Zhang GH. Electrospinning equipment. CN Patent 201710057583.5, 2017
[12]
Liu QX, Qiu KL, Wang YL. Needleless electrospinning device. CN Patent 201520668437.2, 2016.
[13]
Reneker D, Chase G, Sunthornvarabhas J. Bubble launched electrospinning jets. US Patent 20100283189A1, 2010
[14]
Sunthornvarabhas J, Reneker D, Chase G. Bubble launched electrospinning jets. US Patent 8337742B2, 2012
[15]
He JH, Kong HY, Zhou LX. Bubble-electrospinning device. CN Patent 201210407119.1, 2015
[16]
Liu FJ, Xu L, Wang P, He JH. Bubble-electrospinning device for preparing nano-composite fiber. CN Patent 201521076587.0, 2016
[17]
Lin S, Cai Q, Ji JY, et al. Wei Y, Deng XL. Electrospun nanofiber reinforced and toughened composites through in situ nano-interface formation. Compos Sci Technol 2008; 68(15): 3322-9.
[18]
Guan Y, Li W, Zhang YL, et al. Aramid nanofibers and poly (vinyl alcohol) nanocomposites for ideal combination of strength and toughness via hydrogen bonding interactions. Compos Sci Technol 2017; 144: 193-201.
[19]
Kim JS, Reneker DH. Mechanical properties of composites using ultrafine electrospun fibers. Polym Compos 1999; 20(1): 124-31.
[20]
Patterson BA, Malakooti MH, Lin J, Okorom A, Sodano HA. Aramid nanofibers for multiscale fiber reinforcement of polymer composites. Compos Sci Technol 2018; 161: 92-9.
[21]
Chen Q, Zhao Y, Zhou Z, et al. Fabrication and mechanical properties of hybrid multi-scale epoxy composites reinforced with conventional carbon fiber fabrics surface-attached with electrospun carbon nanofiber mats. Compos Part B 2013; 44(1): 1-7.
[22]
Jiang S, Greiner A, Agarwal S. Short nylon-6 nanofiber reinforced transparent and high modulus thermoplastic polymeric composites. Compos Sci Technol 2013; 87(9): 164-9.
[23]
Wang FF, Wang P, Hua MQ. A method for preparing a nonwoven composite material with tear resistance. CN Patent 201710553083.0, 2017
[24]
Dhakate SR, Parashar VK, Raman V, et al. Effect of titania (TiO2) interfacial coating on mechanical properties of carbon-carbon composites. J Mater Sci Lett 2000; 19(8): 699-701.


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as


Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [70 - 76]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1872210513666190204153744
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 35
HTML: 7