Background: The present study examined the efficacy of the walking program on biochemical
parameters among the elderly women.
Methods: A total of one hundred elderly women participated in this randomized clinical trial study.
The intervention group attended a 24-week walking exercise meeting five times per week. The control
group continued with their routine activities. The subjects were assessed in Fasting blood glucose
(FBS) and lipid profile before and after 12 and 24 weeks of the program.
Results: The mean age of the elderly participants in the study was 68.33 ± 4.55 years. The results of
repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant difference between the intervention and the control
group in FBS, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density
lipoprotein cholesterol after completing the program (for all p < 0.001).
Conclusion: The low-cost physical activity intervention could be effective for reducing chronic vascular
disease risk factors among community-dwelling elderly women.