Phytochemical Constituents of Guggul and their Biological Qualities

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Vijay Kumar* , Simranjeet Singh , Ravindra Singh .

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry

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Abstract:

Background: In the herbal drug pharmaceutical industry, guggul is enjoying emergent consumer acceptance around the world. In the Indian market, more than fifty formulations of guggul have been introduced by well-known brands including Himalaya, Patanjali and Baidyanath Pharmaceuticals. Basically, guggul is the gum resin from Commiphora wightii (syn. Commiphora Mukul). It has been used to treat various ailments including obesity, osteoarthritis, arthritis, constipation, liver disorders, inflammation, anemia, diabetes etc. Including medicinal properties, it is used as a good binding agent and mixed in various herbal formulations.

Objectives: To review the major phytochemical, medicinal properties and analytical methods involved in the detection of guggul by using the exhaustive bibliographic research by means of various scientific engines and databases.

Conclusion: Guggul contained approximately 66 phytochemical including gallic acid, quercetin, and guggulsterones E and Z. These phytochemicals have a wide range of pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, antibacterial, antimutagenic, antivenom and antitumor. It has been noticed that the mode of action of guggulsterone has not been fully explored. Pharmacology and toxicological studies are very few. These works have shown huge literature gap, which is to be fulfilled through the detailed in-vivo and in-vitro studies.

Keywords: Cholesterol, commiphora mukul, guggulusterone, obesity, sterols, terpenoids.

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1570193X16666190129161757
Price: $95