Dysfunction of Magnocellular/dorsal Processing Stream in Schizophrenia

Author(s): Sergio Chieffi* .

Journal Name: Current Psychiatry Research and Reviews

Volume 15 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Patients with schizophrenia show not only cognitive, but also perceptual deficits. Perceptual deficits may affect different sensory modalities. Among these, the impairment of visual information processing is of particular relevance as demonstrated by the high incidence of visual disturbances. In recent years, the study of neurophysiological mechanisms that underlie visuo-perceptual, -spatial and -motor disorders in schizophrenia has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers.

Objective: The study aims to review the existent literature on magnocellular/dorsal (occipitoparietal) visual processing stream impairment in schizophrenia. The impairment of relatively early stages of visual information processing was examined using experimental paradigms such as backward masking, contrast sensitivity, contour detection, and perceptual closure. The deficits of late processing stages were detected by examining visuo-spatial and -motor abilities.

Results: Neurophysiological and behavioral studies support the existence of deficits in the processing of visual information along the magnocellular/dorsal pathway. These deficits appear to affect both early and late stages of visual information processing.

Conclusion: The existence of disturbances in the early processing of visual information along the magnocellular/dorsal pathway is strongly supported by neurophysiological and behavioral observations. Early magnocellular dysfunction may provide a substrate for late dorsal processing impairment as well as higher-level cognition deficits.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, magnocellular, dorsal, attention, perception, vision, neglect, motor imagery.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [26 - 36]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1573400515666190119163522

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