HLAs in Autoimmune Diseases: Dependable Diagnostic Biomarkers?

Author(s): Elham Rajaei, Mohammad Taha Jalali, Saeid Shahrabi, Ali Amin Asnafi, Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Pezeshki*.

Journal Name: Current Rheumatology Reviews

Volume 15 , Issue 4 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: The process of antigen presentation to immune cells is an undeniable contributor to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Different studies have indicated several factors that are related to autoimmunity. Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs) are among such factors, which have a key role in autoimmunity because of their involvement in antigen presentation process.

Methods: Relevant English language literature was searched and retrieved from Google Scholar search engine and PubMed database (1996-2018). The following keywords were used: "Human leukocyte antigen", "Behcet’s syndrome", "Rheumatoid arthritis", "Systemic lupus erythematosus", "Type 1 diabetes", "Celiac Disease" and "Autoimmunity".

Results: There is a strong association between HLA alleles and autoimmune diseases. For instance, HLA-B alleles and Behcet’s syndrome are strongly correlated, and systemic lupus erythematosus and Type 1 diabetes are related to HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1, respectively.

Conclusion: Association between numerous HLA alleles and autoimmune diseases may justify and rationalize their use as biomarkers as well as possible diagnostic laboratory parameters.

Keywords: Human leukocyte antigen, Behcet’s syndrome, Rheumatoid arthritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Type 1 diabetes, Celiac disease, Autoimmunity.

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VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [269 - 276]
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DOI: 10.2174/1573397115666190115143226
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