Background: The process of antigen presentation to immune cells is an undeniable contributor
to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Different studies have indicated several factors
that are related to autoimmunity. Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs) are among such factors,
which have a key role in autoimmunity because of their involvement in antigen presentation process.
Methods: Relevant English language literature was searched and retrieved from Google Scholar
search engine and PubMed database (1996-2018). The following keywords were used: "Human
leukocyte antigen", "Behcet’s syndrome", "Rheumatoid arthritis", "Systemic lupus erythematosus",
"Type 1 diabetes", "Celiac Disease" and "Autoimmunity".
Results: There is a strong association between HLA alleles and autoimmune diseases. For instance,
HLA-B alleles and Behcet’s syndrome are strongly correlated, and systemic lupus erythematosus
and Type 1 diabetes are related to HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1, respectively.
Conclusion: Association between numerous HLA alleles and autoimmune diseases may justify and
rationalize their use as biomarkers as well as possible diagnostic laboratory parameters.