Analysis of Non-Sumoylated and Sumoylated Isoforms of Pax-6, the Master Regulator for Eye and Brain Development in Ocular Cell Lines

Author(s): Fangyuan Liu , Ling Wang , Jia-Ling Fu , Yuan Xiao , Xiaodong Gong , Yunfei Liu , Qian Nie , Jia-Wen Xiang , Lan Yang , Zhigang Chen , Yizhi Liu* , David Wan-Cheng Li* .

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 18 , Issue 8 , 2018

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Abstract:

Purpose: Pax-6 is a master regulator for eye and brain development. Previous studies including ours have shown that Pax-6 exists in 4 major isoforms. According to their sizes, they are named p48, p46, p43 and p32 with the corresponding molecular weight of 48, 46, 43 and 32 kd, respectively. While p48 and p46 is derived from alternative splicing, p32 Pax-6 is generated through an internal translation initiation site. As for 43 kd Pax-6, two resources have been reported. In bird, it was found that an alternative splicing can generate a p43 Pax-6. In human and mouse, we reported that the p43 kd Pax-6 is derived from sumoylation: addition of a 11 kd polypeptide SUMO1 into the p32 Pax-6 at the K91 residue. Whether other Pax-6 isoforms can be sumoylated or not remains to be explored.

Methods: The 5 major ocular cell lines were cultured in Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (DMEM) containing fetal bovine serum (FBS) or rabbit serum (RBS) and 1% Penicillin- Streptomycin. The mRNA levels were analysed with qRT-PCR. The protein levels were determined with western blot analysis and quantitated with Image J.

Results: Both non-sumoylated and sumoylated isoforms of Pax-6 exist in 6 major types of ocular cells among which five are lens epithelial cells, and one is retinal pigment epithelial cell. Our results revealed that the most abundant isoforms of Pax-6 are the p32 and p46 Pax-6. These two major isoforms can be sumoylated to generate p43 (mono-sumoylated p32 Pax-6), p57 and p68 Pax-6 (mono- and di-sumoylated p46 Pax-6). In addition, the splicing-generated p48 Pax-6 is also readily detected.

Conclusion: Our results for the first time, have determined the relative isoform abundance and also the sumoylation patterns of pax-6 in 6 major ocular cell lines.

Keywords: Pax-6, Sumoylation, p68, p57, p48, p46, p43, p32 Pax-6.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2018
Page: [566 - 573]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1566524019666190111153310
Price: $58

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