Recent Patent on a Tree-type Cylindrical-shaped Nanoporous Filtering Membrane

Author(s): Yongbin Zhang*.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Engineering

Volume 13 , Issue 4 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Nanoporous filtering membranes can be used for super purification including a liquid-liquid separation. It is the aim of engineers to design these membranes with good filtration capabilities, high fluxes and satisfying mechanical strengths. Realistic membranes need to have a balance among these performances to achieve satisfactory overall performances.

Objective: The study aims to show a tree-type cylindrical-shaped nanoporous filtering membrane with good characteristics.

Methods: According to the principle of the nanotube tree for transportation presented previously, here the design method of a tree-type cylindrical shaped nanoporous filtering membrane is presented and the flow resistances of this membrane have been calculated for varying operational parameter values.

Results: It is shown that the invented membrane possesses nanoscale filtration pores and larger flow-resistance-reducing pores. These pores are densely evenly distributed on the membrane surface. The membrane practically has a low flow resistance and thus a high flux if its thickness is as small as possible. It can also be used for a liquid-liquid separation if the mixed liquids have largely different interactions with the pore walls of the membrane.

Conclusion: By an appropriate design, the invented membrane has a good overall performance including the capabilities of super purification or a liquid-liquid separation, the high flux and a satisfactory mechanical strength.

Keywords: Membrane, nanopore, filtration, separation, design, resistances.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [308 - 311]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/1872212113666190110105354
Price: $58

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