Chemo-Diversity of Antibacterial Anthraquinones from the Roots of Morinda morindoides

Author(s): Jean-Luc Aboya Moroh, Yannick Fleury, Adama Coulibaly, Roger Labia, Ivan Leguérinel*.

Journal Name: The Natural Products Journal

Volume 9 , Issue 4 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Morinda morindoides (Baker) (Rubiaceae) is a medicinal plant with antimicrobial properties currently used in Côte d'Ivoire and other countries. These properties have been described but most of the studies are dealing with crude extracts.

Objective: The chemical structures of the bioactive compounds extracted from Morinda morindoides roots have been characterized.

Methods: The root extracts were analyzed by using HPLC. Fourteen fractions were detected among which 11 compounds have been structurally identified by using a combination of 1H-NMR and 13CNMR and LC-HRMS methodologies.

Results: All these compounds belong to anthraquinone family. The antibacterial activity of the eleven compounds was tested against six strains of microorganisms with ofloxacin as standard (two Gram-negative bacteria, two Gram-positive bacteria and two yeasts). The Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations recorded, varies from 8 to 128 μg / ml. Staphylococcus aureus was the most susceptible organism.

Conclusion: We highlight the chemo-diversity of the antibacterial anthraquinones in the roots of Morinda morindoides.

Keywords: Morinda morindoides, anthraquinones, antibacterial properties, roots, bioactive compounds, Staphylococcus aureus.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [256 - 261]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/2210315509666181227100320
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