HIV-specific T-cell Responses and Generalized Activation in HIV-1 Infected Long-term Non-progressors and Progressors from South India

Author(s): Chinnambedu Ravichandran Swathirajan, Ramachandran Vignesh, Greer Waldrop, Uma Shanmugasundaram, Pannerselvam Nandagopal, Sunil Suhas Solomon, Amrose Pradeep, Shanmugam Saravanan, Kailapuri Gangatharan Murugavel*.

Journal Name: Current HIV Research

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Anti-viral cytokine expressions by cytotoxic T-cells and lower activation rates have been reported to correlate with suppressed HIV replication in long-term non-progressors (LTNP). Immune mechanisms underlying disease non-progression in LTNP might vary with HIV-1 subtype and geographical locations.

Objective: This study evaluates cytokine expression and T-cells activation in relation to disease non-progression in LTNP.

Methods: HIV-1 Subtype C infected LTNP (n=20) and progressors (n=15) were enrolled and flowcytometry assays were performed to study HIV-specific CD8 T-cells expressing IL-2, IFN-γ, TNF-α and MIP-1β against gag and env peptides. CD4+ T-cell activation was evaluated by surface expression of HLADR and CD38.

Results: Proportions of cytokines studied did not differ significantly between LTNP and progressors, while contrasting correlations with disease progression markers were observed in LTNP. CD4+ T-cell activation rates were significantly lower in LTNP compared to progressors which indicate the potential role of T-cell activation rates in disease non-progression in LTNP.

Conclusion: LTNP and progressors showed similar CD8+ T-cell responses, but final conclusions can be drawn only by comparing multiple immune factors in larger LTNP cohort with HIV-1 infected individuals at various levels of disease progression. A possible role of HIV-1 subtype variation and ethnic differences in addition to host-genetic and viral factors cannot be ruled out.

Keywords: HIV LTNP, HIV non-progression, antiviral cytokine response in HIV LTNP, T-cell activation in HIV LTNP, HLADR, CD38.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2018
Page: [302 - 314]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1570162X17666181212122607

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