Potential Applications of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for Cardiovascular Diseases

Author(s): Xiaotong Wang, Zhenbo Han, Ying Yu, Zihang Xu, Benzhi Cai, Ye Yuan*.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 20 , Issue 7 , 2019

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Abstract:

Owning the high incidence and disability rate in the past decades, to be expected, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have become one of the leading death causes worldwide. Currently, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), with the potential to form fresh myocardium and improve the functions of damaged hearts, have been studied widely in experimental CVD therapy. Moreover, iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs), as novel disease models, play a significant role in drug screening, drug safety assessment, along with the exploration of pathological mechanisms of diseases. Furthermore, a lot of studies have been carried out to clarify the biological basis of iPSCs and its derived cells in the treatment of CVDs. Their molecular mechanisms were associated with release of paracrine factors, regulation of miRNAs, mechanical support of new tissues, activation of specific pathways and specific enzymes, etc. In addition, a few small chemical molecules and suitable biological scaffolds play positive roles in enhancing the efficiency of iPSC transplantation. This article reviews the development and limitations of iPSCs in CVD therapy, and summarizes the latest research achievements regarding the application of iPSCs in CVDs.

Keywords: Induced pluripotent stem cells, cell therapy, cardiovascular disease, myocardium, pathological mechanisms, biological scaffolds.

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VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2019
Page: [763 - 774]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1389450120666181211164147
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