Impact of Molybdena and Vanadia Mixed Based Oxides on Hydrogen Production by Steam Reforming
Pp. 1-32 (32)
Gheorghita Mitran, Dong-Kyun Seo and Octavian-Dumitru Pavel
Hydrogen seems to be the fuel of the future since it is clean-burning and its
only by-product is water. Currently, around 95% of the hydrogen global production is
accomplished by non-renewable energy sources, 4% is obtained from water and only
1% from biomass. Hydrogen production from renewable energy sources such as
biomass represents an important challenge for the future. Nowadays, steam reforming
is the cheapest way to produce hydrogen. This chapter summarizes data regarding
hydrogen production by steam reforming of biomass renewable sources and biomass
tar, emphasizing the catalysts development for this process. The development of high
active catalysts with good stability and selectivity continues to be a challenge. For this
purpose, the reactivity of different catalytic systems as well as their advantages and
disadvantages will be discussed.
Biomass, Biogas, Bio-oil, Hydrogen, Mixed Oxides, Molybdena,
Nickel, Noble Metals, Steam Reforming, Vanadia.
Laboratory of Chemical Technology and Catalysis, Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry & Catalysis, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, 4-12, Blv. Regina Elisabeta, 030018 Bucharest, Romania.