Introduction: The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of virulence
genes in uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolates in Ilam.
Materials and Methods: For this purpose, a total of 80 UPEC isolates were collected for patients
with UTIs during a 6 months period. The multiplex polymerase chain reaction (multiplex PCR) was
used to detect the papEF, fimH, iucD, hlyA, fyuA, and ompT genes.
Results: The prevalence of fimH, papEF, iucD, fyuA, hlyA, hlyA, and ompT genes were 87.5%,
47.5%, 60%, 67.5%, 27.5%, 47.5% and 71.2%, respectively. Among all of the isolates, 27 profiles
Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that the most prevalence was found for fimH, and different
distribution of virulence genes suggested different ability of pathogenicity.