Aim: Multiple drug intolerance syndrome (MDIS) is a unique clinical entity distinct
from other drug hypersensitivity syndromes. The aim of this review was to critically appraise the
various aspects of MDIS.
Methods: A review was conducted to search for the causes, mechanism, clinical features, and management
Results: The most common cause of MDIS is antibiotics followed by non-steroidal antiinflammatory
drugs (NSAIDs). Although some non-specific immunological mechanisms are involved,
the immunological tests for MDIS are negative. Rashes, gastrointestinal reflux, headache,
cough, muscle ache, fever, dermatitis, hypertension, and psychiatric symptoms are the usual manifestations.
Treatment is mostly symptomatic with the withdrawal of the offending drug. Drug rechallenges
and desensitization may be required for the management of this syndrome.
Conclusion: MDIS occurs by a nonimmune mechanism which requires a prompt withdrawal of the
offending drug(s), and in some cases may require drug re-challenge and desensitization.