Effect of Chondroitin Sulfate on Blood Serum Cytokine Profile during Carrageenan-induced Edema and Monoiodoacetate-induced Osteoarthritis in Rats

Author(s): Oleksandr Korotkyi*, Andrii Vovk, Oksana Blokhina, Kateryna Dvorshchenko, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Ludovico Abenavoli, Liudmyla Ostapchenko.

Journal Name: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Blood cytokines affect the development of inflammatory processes in both normal and pathological states. We have studied changes in the concentration of interleukins (ILs) - 1β, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12B p40, transforming growth factor β (TGF β), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) in acute carrageenan-induced inflammation and degenerative-dystrophic changes of knee joint caused by monoiodoacetate-induced Osteoarthritis (OA) in experimental models on rats. We also investigated the change in the cytokine profile during prophylactic and therapeutic administration of chondroitin sulfate to animals under experimental conditions.

Methods: The concentration of the cytokines was measured in blood serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results: The manifestation of articular lesions was characterized by a disturbance in the balance between proinflammatory (IL-1β, IL-12B p40, TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory (IL-4, IL-10, TGF -β) cytokines.

Conclusion: A reduction in the concentration of proinflammatory cytokines in blood serum after prophylactic and therapeutic administration of chondroitin sulfate to the rat with experimental models of acute inflammation of the hind limb and degenerative-dystrophic changes in the knee joint with OA is associated with anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties of the drug.

Keywords: Cartilage disorders, experimental model of inflammation, interleukin, transforming growth factor, tumor necrosis factor, chondroitin sulfate.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [50 - 55]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1574887113666181102111247
Price: $58

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