Basic Principles of NMR and Experimental Techniques
Pp. 1-25 (25)
Victor V. Rodin
This chapter introduces into NMR methods as the most important techniques
for studying materials. The behaviour of spin system is considered in crossing magnetic
fields from “classical” point of view. Basic equations for the vector of the bulk
magnetisation M in outer magnetic field (Bloch equations) are discussed in rotating
coordinate system. Spin-lattice (longitudinal) relaxation and spin-spin (transverse)
relaxation are considered. The chapter describes the NMR experimental techniques for
studying relaxation times T1, T2 and cross-relaxation. The role of proton exchange
between the water and exchangeable protons of macromolecules is considered. Pulsed
field gradient (PFG) NMR techniques are described for application in one- and twodimensions.
Double-quantum-filtered (DQF) NMR spectroscopy is introduced as a
technique to study the materials with anisotropic motion of molecules.
Apparent diffusion coefficient Dapp, Double-quantum-filter (DQF)
NMR, Fourier transform (FT), Free induction decay (FID), Inverse Laplace
transformation (ILT), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Pulsed Field Gradient (PFG),
Radio frequency (RF), Residual dipolar interaction (RDI), Spin-echo (SE), Spinlattice
(longitudinal) relaxation time T1, Spin-spin (transverse) relaxation time T2,
Stimulated echo (STE), Two-dimensional diffusion-diffusion correlation NMR
spectroscopy (2D DDCOSY).
Institute of Organic Chemistry Johannes Kepler University Linz 4040 Linz, Austria.