Background: Urea forms channel inclusion complexes with straight chain
hydrocarbon, fatty acids, etc. The decomposition of urea is an interesting thermal induced
solid state reaction yielding important by-products. Urea complexation with fatty acids has
been successively used in the purification and separation of fatty acids, esters and alcohols.
Objective: To study the thermal gravimetry analysis behaviour for inclusion complexes of
urea with stearic acid, palmitic acid and neem oil.
To compute specific heat capacity at constant pressure, as a function of temperature for the
Method: The thermal gravimetry analysis and differential scanning calorimetry techniques
Results: Thermal profiles of adduct of fatty acid with urea indicate shift in melting
temperature of urea from 408 to 413 K. Thermal profiles of urea-neem oil adduct
indicating that there is some incorporation of neem oil (inclusion compound formation) by
lowering the melting temperature of urea.
Conclusion: The data of the corresponding weight loss and enthalpy changes for urea,
fatty acids, neem oil, urea-fatty acids adduct and urea-neem oil adduct as a function of
temperature are reported. The urea-fatty acid inclusion complexes show congruent
behavior in melting, while for urea-neem oil inclusion complex an incongruent melting
behavior is observed.