Although, numerous antimicrobial agents have been reported by the scientists
to control fungal and bacterial diseases, but due to less cost effectiveness, non-availability
and environmental hazardous of existing antimicrobial agents, there is still a need to synthesize
new class of antimicrobial agents to control microbes effectively. Coumarin, a heterocyclic
compound containing oxygen in its scaffold, acts as a building block for large
number of biologically active compounds and is known to possess variety of biological
activities viz. antiviral, antimicrobial, anticonvulsant, anticancer analgesic and antiinflammatory.
This review mainly focuses on various methods related to synthesis of
coumarin derivatives and its biological activity as antimicrobial.
Keywords: Coumarin, heterocyclic, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, microbe.
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