A Novel Approach Based on Point Cut Set to Predict Associations of Diseases and LncRNAs

Author(s): Linai Kuang, Haochen Zhao, Lei Wang*, Zhanwei Xuan, Tingrui Pei.

Journal Name: Current Bioinformatics

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: In recent years, more evidence have progressively indicated that Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in wide-ranging human diseases, which can serve as potential biomarkers and drug targets. Comparing with vast lncRNAs being found, the relationships between lncRNAs and diseases remain largely unknown.

Objective: The prediction of novel and potential associations between lncRNAs and diseases would contribute to dissect the complex mechanisms of disease pathogenesis.

Method: In this paper, a new computational method based on Point Cut Set is proposed to predict LncRNA-Disease Associations (PCSLDA) based on known lncRNA-disease associations. Compared with the existing state-of-the-art methods, the major novelty of PCSLDA lies in the incorporation of distance difference matrix and point cut set to set the distance correlation coefficient of nodes in the lncRNA-disease interaction network. Hence, PCSLDA can be applied to forecast potential lncRNAdisease associations while known disease-lncRNA associations are required only.

Results: Simulation results show that PCSLDA can significantly outperform previous state-of-the-art methods with reliable AUC of 0.8902 in the leave-one-out cross-validation and AUCs of 0.7634 and 0.8317 in 5-fold cross-validation and 10-fold cross-validation respectively. And additionally, 70% of top 10 predicted cancer-lncRNA associations can be confirmed.

Conclusion: It is anticipated that our proposed model can be a great addition to the biomedical research field.

Keywords: Point set cut, interactive network, LncRNA-disease associations, prediction, lncRNA similarity, disease similarity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [333 - 343]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1574893613666181026122045
Price: $58

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