Objective: Appropriate mobile-based self-management strategies can be as new approaches
to decelerate the HIV infection progression and improve the quality of life. This study
aims at (i) identifying in the literature mobile-based self-management strategies for HIV care and
(ii) prioritizing those from the point of view of infectious diseases specialists. This study provides
some clues to design useful mobile-based self-management tools for HIV patients, from the point
of view of practitioners.
Methods: This mixed methods study was done in two main phases. In the first phase, a review
was conducted in: PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, and Ovid. In this manner,
related studies published between 2010 and 2017 and in the English language were reviewed. In
the second phase, identified mobile-based self-management strategies were scored and prioritized
by 23 participants. Frequency distribution and mean reports were calculated using SPSS statistical
Results: By detailed reviewing of 24 related articles, the HIV mobile-based self-management
strategies were identified in 47 categories and subcategories. According to the findings, "enhance
the quality of life" was the main self-management strategy addressed by reviewed studies. However,
"antiretroviral therapy and medication adherence" was reported at a higher rate to be a more
helpful strategy than "enhance the quality of life".
Conclusion: In this study, helpful HIV mobile-based self-management strategies were identified
that can be used to guide self-management interventions which have the potential to improve the
healthcare services for people living with HIV.