Methamphetamine Abusers’ Personality Traits and its Relational with Spiritual Well-being and Perceived Social Support

Author(s): Amir Jalali * , Bistoun Shabrandi , Rostam Jalali , Nader Salari .

Journal Name: Current Drug Research Reviews

Volume 11 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Psychoactive substance abuse is a psychosocial disorder that its, emergence, continuation, and treatment are associated with personality factors, spiritual well-being, and social support.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between personality traits with spiritual well-being and perceived social support in methamphetamine users undergoing treatment in 2016 in the clinics of Kermanshah City, Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 117 methamphetamine users undergoing treatment in addiction clinics of Kermanshah City, Iran. The formed study population was prepared by convenience sampling according to the inclusion-exclusion criteria. Data were collected using a demographic form, NEO Five-Factor Inventory, Paloutzian and Ellison’s spiritual wellbeing scale, and perceived social support inventory of Fleming et al. The collected data were analyzed by parametric and nonparametric tests in SPSS v.23.

Results: The results showed that 82.2% of participants had a moderate level of agreeableness, 88.1% had moderate neuroticism, 93.2% had moderate extraversion, 87.2% had moderate conscientiousness, and 92.2% had a moderate level of openness to experience. In addition, 76.9% of participants had a low level of spiritual well-being and the remaining 23.1% had a moderate spiritual wellness. The mean spiritual well-being and perceived social support scores of participants were 69.94±10.86 and 33.94±7.55, respectively. The findings showed a significant relationship between personality traits and spiritual well-being and social support in methamphetamine users (p = 0.05).

Conclusion: The results indicate that personality traits, perceived social support, and spiritual wellbeing can be considered as risk factors for methamphetamine abuse.

Keywords: Methamphetamine, personality traits, spiritual well-being, social support, psychosocial disorder, neuroticism.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [44 - 50]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1874473711666181017121256
Price: $58

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