Small Peptides as Modulators of Serine Proteases

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Author(s): Peng Xu, Mingdong Huang*.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

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Serine proteases play critical roles in many physiological and pathological processes, and are proven diagnostic and therapeutic targets in a number of clinical indications. Suppression of the aberrant proteolytic activities of these proteases has been clinically used for the treatment of relevant diseases. Polypeptides with 10-20 residues are of great interest as medicinal modulators of serine proteases, because these peptides combine the characteristics of both small molecule drugs and macromolecular drugs. In this review, we summarized the recent development of peptide-based inhibitors against serine proteases with potent inhibitory and high specificity comparable to monoclonal antibodies. In addition, we also discussed the strategies of enhancing plasma half-life and bioavailability of peptides in vivo, which is the main hurdle that limits the clinical translation of peptide-based drugs. This review advocates new avenue for the development of effective serine protease inhibitors and highlights the prospect of the medicinal use of these inhibitors.

Keywords: Serine proteases, peptide-based inhibitors, rational design, direct evolution, cancer, thrombosis, crystallography.

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/0929867325666181016163630
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