Jurisprudence Study of Muslim Rules and Effects of Ovarian Transplants in Women with Infertility; A Review

Author(s): Fatemeh Ghodrati, Marzieh Akbarzadeh*.

Journal Name: Current Women`s Health Reviews

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: The use of assisted reproductive techniques, in addition to mental and emotional stress in different stages, made some jurists, as fatwa authorities, to investigate and evaluate the problems of this type of transplantation.

Objective: The aim of this study was the jurisprudence investigation of the rules and effects of ovarian transplants in women with infertility.

Methods: This study was conducted through review and library studies using the keywords ovarian transplants, infertility, jurists’ opinions and religious rules as to ovarian transplantation.

Results: Permission for transplanting one’s own ovarian tissue was issued through the consent of most scholars of Islamic schools and according to some verses, traditions, legal rules, and logical reasons. Although some of the Ancient religious scholars have dissenting opinions about transplantation, for some jurists, ovarian transplant from a woman to an infertile woman has no legal problem and the infant belongs to the recipient. However, some other jurists oppose this fatwa. They believe that there is a problem in the oocytes and ovarian transplantation due to mixed parentage and the holy legislator does not agree with this transplantation. So, they had opposing fatwa in this regard.

Conclusion: According to the consensus of some Muslim jurists on ovarian transplant from one’s own ovary or from another woman, there is a new hope for infertile couples to use this method which is done from a woman to another woman.

Keywords: Ovarian transplant, infertility, fatwa, muslim jurist authorities, mental and emotional stress, ovarian tissue.

[1]
Evens EM. A global Perspective on Infertility: On under Recognized Public Health Issue. University Center North Carolina at Chapel Hill 2004; 18: 1-40.
[2]
Berek JS. Berek and Novak’s Gynecology: 15th; Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2012.
[3]
Zuraida AS. Psychological distress among infertile woman: exploring biopsychosocial response to infertility. Malas J Psychiatry 2010; 19(2): 1-11.
[4]
Sbaragli C, Morgante G, Goracci A, Hofkens T, De Leo V, Castrogiovanni P. Infertility and psychiatric morbidity. Fertil Steril 2008; 90(6): 2107-11.
[5]
Akbarzadeh M. Mental health in pregnancy and child birth1st ed, Heidari, Iran, Tehran . 2011.
[6]
Boivin J, Bunting L, Collins JA, Nygren KG. International estimates of infertility prevalence and treatment-seeking: potential need and demand for infertility medical care. Hum Reprod 2007; 22(6): 1506-12.
[7]
Ombelet W. Global access to infertility care in developing countries: a case of human rights, equity and social justice. Facts Views Vis ObGyn 2011; 3(4): 257-66.
[8]
Talaei A. Kimiaei SA, Borhani Moghani M, Moharreri F, Talaei A, Khanghaei R. Effectiveness of group cognitive behavioral therapy on depression in infertile women. Iran J Obstet Gynecol Infertil 2014; 94(17): 1-9.
[9]
Obi SN, Onah HE, Okafor II. Depression among Nigerian women following pregnancy loss. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2009; 105(1): 60-2.
[10]
Kazemijaliseh H, Ramezani Tehrani F, Behboudi-Gandevani S, Hosseinpanah F, Khalili D, Azizi F. The prevalence and causes of primary infertility in Iran: A population-based study. Glob J Health Sci 2015; 7(6): 226-32.
[11]
Kazem M, Ali A. An overview of the epidemiology of primary infertility in Iran. J Reprod Infertil 2009; 10(3): 213-6.
[12]
Cousineau TM, Domar AD. Psychological impact of infertility. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2007; 21(2): 293-308.
[13]
An Y, Wang Z, Ji H, Zhang Y, Wu K. Pituitary-adrenal and sympathetic nervous system responses to psychiatric disorders in women undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment. Fertil Steril 2011; 96(2): 404-8.
[14]
Serafini P, Lobo DS, Grosman A, Seibel D, Rocha AM, Motta EL. Fluoxetine treatment for anxiety in women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2009; 105(2): 136-9.
[15]
An Y, Sun Z, Li L, Zhang Y, Ji H. Relationship between psychological stress and reproductive outcome in women undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment: Psychological and neurohormonal assessment. J Assist Reprod Genet 2013; 30(1): 35-41.
[16]
khabaronline Online [homepage on the Internet] 12 conditions that allows a woman to apply for divorce. Available from https:// www.khabaronline.ir/detail/229823/society/family [Accessed on: July 23, 2012].
[17]
Watkins KJ, Baldo TD. The infertility experience: Bio psychosocial effects and suggestions for counselors. J Couns Dev 2014; 82(4): 394-420.
[18]
Hasanzadeh H, Marandi MR. Review the provisions of inheritance in artificial insemination injurisprudence and Iranian law. J Soc Sci Human Res 2016; 4(4): 110-4.
[19]
Abedelahi A, Rezaei-Tavirani M, Mohammadnejad D. Fertility preservation among the cancer patients by ovarian tissue cryopreservation, transplantation, and follicular development. Iran J Cancer Prev 2013; 6(3): 123-32.
[20]
Smith RM, Shikanov A, Kniazeva E, Ramadurai D, Woodruff TK, Shea LD. Fibrin-mediated delivery of an ovarian follicle pool in a mouse model of infertility. Tissue Eng Part A 2014; 20(21-22): 3021-30.
[21]
Grynberg M, Poulain M, Sebag-Peyrelevade S, le Parco S, Fanchin R, Frydman N. Ovarian tissue and follicle transplantation as an option for fertility preservation. Fertil Steril 2012; 97(6): 1260-8.
[22]
Merghati ST, Noor Mohammad NM. Jurisprudence study organ transplants from the viewpoint of Islamic schools 2016.
[23]
Oktay K, Buyuk E. Ovarian transplantation in humans: indications, techniques and the risk of reseeding cancer. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2004; 113(Suppl. 1): S45-7.
[24]
Almodin CG, Almodin PM, Radaelli MR, Minguetti-Câmara VC, Ceschin AP, Ribeiro RC. The First ovarian tissue transplant between monozygotic twin sisters discordant for ovarian function in Latin America. JBRA Assist Reprod 2015; 19(1): 29-32.
[25]
Beckmann MW, Dittrich R, Lotz L, et al. Fertility protection: complications of surgery and results of removal and transplantation of ovarian tissue. Reprod Biomed Online 2018; 36(2): 188-96.
[26]
Donnez J, Dolmans MM, Demylle D, et al. Live birth after orthotopic transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue. Lancet 2004; 364(9443): 1405-10.
[27]
Meirow D, Levron J, Eldar-Geva T, et al. Pregnancy after transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue in a patient with ovarian failure after chemotherapy. N Engl J Med 2005; 353(3): 318-21.
[28]
Aghababaaei A. The role and nature of permission for transplantationFigh Med J 2014; 7(22,23): 167-91
[29]
Kalantari Khalilabad A, Ghodrati F, Karimi Zarch A. Legal – medical legitimacy of optional caesarean Figh Med J 2015; 7(26,27): 11-37
[30]
Holy Qur’an: Chapter 2: Verse 173..
[31]
a Holy Qur’an: Chapter 5: Verse 3. ; b Chapter 6: Verses 118 and 145 .
[32]
Holy Qur’an Holy Qur’an: Chapter 2: Verse 185.
[33]
Holy Qur’an: Chapter 3: Verse 119..
[34]
The Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi's Office website [homepage on the Internet] Qom; Organ transplant; Available from . https:// makarem.ir/main.aspx?reader=1&pid=61769&lid=0&mid=1055 [Accessed on: Jun 14, 2017]
[35]
Rahmat MR, Modaressi SZ. Patients’ right and organ donation. Iranian Med Law J 2012; 6(20): 55-76.
[36]
Nazari A. Jurisprudential investigation of ovarian and testicular transplantation. Quarter J Jurisprud History Civiliz 2011; 7(28): 169-209.
[37]
Farsnews Online [homepage on the Internet] 12 condition that allows a woman to apply for divorce[about 2 screens] farsnews Online, inc. Available from: www.farsnews.com/printable. php?nn=13950821000565/ (Accessed on: Nov 14, 2016).
[38]
The Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi' s Office website [homepage on the Internet] Qom [Questions and Answers: ovarian transplant]; Available from: https://makarem.ir/main.aspx?reader=1& [Accessed on: Sep 15, 2018].
[39]
Moazami S, Vahdani M, Zadeh Dabbagh P. Examination and analysis of laws and regulations related to organ transplantation in Iran. Iranian J Med History Ethics 2013; 6(4): 1-16. [persian].
[40]
hawzah.net Online [homepage on the Internet] Educational treasures / Organ transplants. hawzah.net, inc. Available from: https://hawzah.net/fa/Article/View/86128/%D9%BE%DB%8C%D9%88%D9%86%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%B6%D8 (Accessed on: Feb 1, 2010).
[41]
Dudgeon MR, Inhorn MC. Men’s influences on women’s reproductive health: medical anthropological perspectives. Soc Sci Med 2004; 59(7): 1379-95.
[42]
Dyer SJ, Abrahams N, Hoffman M, van der Spuy ZM. ‘Men leave me as I cannot have children’: women’s experiences with involuntary childlessness. Hum Reprod 2002; 17(6): 1663-8.
[43]
Inhorn MC. Sexuality, Masculinity, and Infertility in Egypt: Potent troubles in the marital and medical encounters. J Men’s Stud 2002; 10(3): 343-59.
[44]
Bakari AA, Abbo Jimeta US, Abubakar MA, Alhassan SU, Nwankwo EA. Organ transplantation: legal, ethical and islamic perspective in Nigeria. Niger J Surg 2012; 18(2): 53-60.
[45]
The Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi' s Office website [homepage on the Internet]Qom:. [Derivatives issue of organ transplants]; Available from: http://www.eshia.ir/feqh/archive/text/makarem/ mostahdeseh/73/010/ [Accessed on: Sep 15, 2018].


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2019
Page: [165 - 170]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1573404814666181015125406
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 58
HTML: 5
EPUB: 1
PRC: 1