Schwannomas of Uncommon Peripheral Locations: Analysis of Imaging Findings of 21 Cases

Author(s): Cigdem Ozer Gokaslan* , Ugur Toprak , Emin Demirel , Cagri Erdim , Aytul Hande Yardimci , Ceyda Bektas Turan .

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging

Volume 15 , Issue 6 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Schwannomas are benign slow-growing tumors most often associated with the cranial nerves. Schwannomas often originate from the eighth cranial nerve. They may also originate from the peripheral nervous system of the neck and extremities. However extracranial peripheral schwannomas are considered a rare entity.

Objectives: The knowledge of rare localizations and typical imaging findings will lead to a successfulradiological diagnosis. Therefore, in this study, we present the clinical findings and MRI characteristics of schwannomas with a rare localization involving the peripheral, lower and upper extremity and intramuscular regions.

Materials and Methods: The hospital database was screened for patients with an extracranial soft tissue mass. Twenty-one cases of schwannomas were found in rare localization. We analyzed the MR images of these patients retrospectively. The MR images were evaluated in terms of tumor location, signal intensity, and enhancement pattern. The histological examination of all the patients confirmed the diagnosis of schwannoma.

Results: In 21 patients, the schwannomas were peripheral, localized to upper (n = 6) and lower extremities (n = 11). The remaining four patients had intramuscular schwannomas.

The patients diagnosed with intramuscular schwannomas had schwannomas in sternocleidomastoid, gastrocnemius, triceps muscle and lateral wall of the abdomen. The average long-axis diameter of the tumor was 27.7 mm and the average short-axis diameter was 16.4 mm. The contrast pattern was diffused in eight tumors and peripheral in 13.

Conclusion: In this study, we present clinical findings and MRI characteristics of schwannomas with a rare localization involving the peripheral, lower and upper extremity and intramuscular regions.

Keywords: Schwannomas, MRI, peripheral nerve system, diagnosis, benign tumors, patients.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2019
Page: [578 - 584]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573405614666181005115631
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