COPD affects all organ systems by inducing chronic systemic inflammation as well as
metabolic alterations. Various pharmacological, medical & surgical approaches are available for
management of COPD. We can’t ignore the importance of nutrition to promote the sound state of
health in all COPD patients. Intake of essential micronutrients in adequate amount as per
recommended dietary allowance (RDA) & maintenance of normal body-mass index (BMI) is the
fundamental requirement for achieving beneficial effects. Here, in this review, we will discuss all the
facts related to the scientific role nutrition plays in the pathogenesis of COPD as well as clinical
implications referring to the supplemental benefits of nutrients.
Keywords: Body-mass index, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, medical nutrition therapy, metabolism, Pulmonary
cachexia, recommended dietary allowance.
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