Potential Impact of MicroRNA-423 Gene Variability in Coronary Artery Disease

Author(s): Chandan K. Jha, Rashid Mir*, Imadeldin Elfaki, Naina Khullar, Suriya Rehman, Jamsheed Javid, Shaheena Banu, Sukh Mohinder Singh Chahal.

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders)

Volume 19 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Aim: Studies have evaluated the association of miRNA-423 C>A genotyping with the susceptibility to various diseases such cancers, atherosclerosis and inflammatory bowel disease but the results were contradictory. However, no studies have reported the association between miRNA-423 rs6505162 C>A polymorphism and susceptibility of coronary artery disease. MicroRNAs regulate expression of multiple genes involved in atherogenesis. Therefore, we investigated the association of microRNA-423C>T gene variations with susceptibility to coronary artery disease.

Methodology: This study was conducted on 100 coronary artery disease patients and 117 matched healthy controls. The genotyping of the microRNA-423 rs6505162C>A was performed by using Amplification refractory mutation system PCR method (ARMS-PCR).

Results: A significant difference was observed in the genotype distribution among the coronary artery disease cases and sex-matched healthy controls (P=0.048). The frequencies of all three genotypes CC, CA, AA reported in the patient’s samples were 55%, 41% and 4% and in the healthy controls samples were 55%, 41% and 4% respectively. Our findings showed that the microRNA-423 C>A variant was associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease in codominant model (OR = 1.96, 95 % CI, 1.12-3.42; RR 1.35(1.05-1.75, p=0.017) of microRNA-423CA genotype and significant association in dominant model (OR 1.97, 95% CI (1.14-3.39), (CA+AA vs CC) and non-significant association for recessive model (OR=1.42, 95%CI=0.42-4.83, P=0.56, AA vs CC+CA).While, the A allele significantly increased the risk of coronary artery disease (OR =1.56, 95 % CI, 1.03-2.37; p=0.035) compared to C allele. Therefore, it was observed that more than 1.96, 1.97 and 1.56 fold increased risk of developing coronary artery disease.

Conclusion: Our findings indicated that microRNA-423 CA genotype and A allele are associated with an increased susceptibility to Coronary artery disease.

Keywords: MicroRNA-423, coronary artery disease (CAD), congenital heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease, Amplification refractory mutation system PCR method (ARMS-PCR), polymorphism, genotype.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [67 - 74]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871530318666181005095724

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