Insulin resistance plays a key role in cardiovascular complications associated with diabetes mellitus and hypertensive disorders. In states of insulin resistance several circulating factors may contribute to a defective insulin sensitivity in different tissues, including the vasculature. One of these factors influencing the vascular insulin resistance are the extracellular vesicles. The extracellular vesicles include exosomes, microvesicles, and apoptotic bodies which are released to the circulation by different vascular cells. Since the cargo of extracellular vesicles seems to be altered in metabolic complications associated with insulin resistance, these vesicles may be candidates contributing to vascular insulin resistance. Despite the studies linking insulin resistance signalling pathways with the vascular effect of extracellular vesicles, the involvement of these structures in vascular insulin resistance is a phenomenon that remains unclear.
Keywords: Insulin, insulin resistance, endothelium, vascular, extracellular vesicles, T2DM.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport