Background: This paper addresses the moisture sensitivity of Elvaloy-Modified Asphalt
(EMA) in the presence of lime using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The performance of three different
lime percentages was evaluated for three different levels of EMA. The lime-modified EMA was
conditioned for dry and wet environments and finally tested using AFM. All the AFM tests were performed
using functional groups of asphalt binder: ammin (NH3), methyl (CH3), carboxyl (COOH), and
hydroxyl (OH). Differences of adhesion/cohesion forces for dry and wet samples indicated nano-scale
Conclusion: The study found that an increase in percentage of lime from 0.5% results in incremental
damage due to moisture. Similarly, for a specific percentage of lime, moisture damage decreases with
increased percentage of elvaloy. The use of 0.5% lime with 1.5% EMA outperforms all other combinations
in resisting moisture damage and is proposed as the recommended dose for practical purposes.
Keywords: AFM, asphalt binder, elvaloy, lime agent, moisture damage, ASA.
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