Pain-Prescription Differences - An Analysis of 500,000 Discharge Summaries

Author(s): Saskia Preissner, Vishal B. Siramshetty, Mathias Dunkel, Paul Steinborn, Friedrich C. Luft, Robert Preissner*.

Journal Name: Current Drug Research Reviews

Volume 11 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Pain-relief prescriptions have led to an alarming increase in drug-related abuse.

Objective: In this study, we estimate the pain reliever prescription rates at a major German academic hospital center and compare with the nationwide trends from Germany and prescription reports from the USA.

Methods: We analysed >500,000 discharge summaries from Charité, encompassing the years 2006 to 2015, and extracted the medications and diagnoses from each discharge summary. Prescription reports from the USA and Germany were collected and compared with the trends at Charité to identify the frequently prescribed pain relievers and their world-wide utilization trends. The average costs of pain therapy were also calculated and compared between the three regions.

Results: Metamizole (dipyrone), a non-opioid analgesic, was the most commonly prescribed pain reliever at Charité (59%) and in Germany (23%) while oxycodone (29%), a semi-synthetic opioid, was most commonly ordered in the USA. Surprisingly, metamizole was prescribed to nearly 20% of all patients at Charité, a drug that has been banned for safety reasons (agranulocytosis) in most developed countries including Canada, United Kingdom, and USA. A large number of prospective cases with high risk for agranulocytosis and other side effects were found. The average cost of pain therapy greatly varied between the USA (125.3 EUR) and Charité (17.2 EUR).

Conclusion: The choice of pain relievers varies regionally and is often in disagreement with approved indications and regulatory guidelines. A pronounced East-West gradient was observed with metamizole use and the opposite with prescription opioids.

Keywords: Chronic pain, drug-related abuse, analgesic, metamizole, oxycodone, agranulocytosis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [58 - 66]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1874473711666180911091846
Price: $58

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