c-Myc Inhibitor 10074-G5 Induces Murine and Human Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cell Expansion and HDR Modulator Rad51 Expression

Author(s): Merve Aksoz , Esra Albayrak , Galip Servet Aslan , Raife Dilek Turan , Lamia Yazgi Alyazici , Pınar Siyah , Emre Can Tuysuz , Serli Canikyan , Dogacan Yucel , Neslihan Meric , Zafer Gulbas , Fikrettin Sahin , Fatih Kocabas* .

Journal Name: Current Cancer Drug Targets

Volume 19 , Issue 6 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: c-Myc plays a major role in the maintenance of glycolytic metabolism and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) quiescence.

Objective: Targeting modulators of HSC quiescence and metabolism could lead to HSC cell cycle entry with concomitant expansion.

Methods and Results: Here we show that c-Myc inhibitor 10074-G5 treatment leads to 2-fold increase in murine LSKCD34low HSC compartment post 7 days. In addition, c-Myc inhibition increases CD34+ and CD133+ human HSC number. c-Myc inhibition leads to downregulation of glycolytic and cyclindependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) gene expression ex vivo and in vivo. In addition, c-Myc inhibition upregulates major HDR modulator Rad51 expression in hematopoietic cells. Besides, c-Myc inhibition does not alter proliferation kinetics of endothelial cells, fibroblasts or adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, however, it limits bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cell proliferation. We further demonstrate that a cocktail of c-Myc inhibitor 10074-G5 along with tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) and i-NOS inhibitor L-NIL provides a robust HSC maintenance and expansion ex vivo as evident by induction of all stem cell antigens analyzed. Intriguingly, the cocktail of c-Myc inhibitor 10074-G5, TUDCA and L-NIL improves HDR related gene expression.

Conclusion: These findings provide tools to improve ex vivo HSC maintenance and expansion, autologous HSC transplantation and gene editing through modulation of HSC glycolytic and HDR pathways.

Keywords: Hematopoietic stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, small molecules, bone marrow, c-myc, homology-directed repair.

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Article Details

Year: 2019
Page: [479 - 494]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/1568009618666180905100608
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