The Mechanism of Exosomes Function in Neurological Diseases: A Progressive Review

Author(s): Mengchen Yuan, Nan Liu, Xiaofeng Wang, Chao Tian, Xiaomeng Ren, Hanlai Zhang, Xinyu Yang, Xinye Li, Haiyan Zhu, Lingqun Zhu, Hongcai Shang, Yanwei Xing*, Yonghong Gao*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 24 , Issue 24 , 2018

Abstract:

Exosomes are extracellular microparticles (≈30–100 nm in diameter) secreted from nearly all types of cells, containing a whole set of biological information including proteins, ribonucleic acid (RNA) and lipids. Latest studies show that exosomes contribute to cell-cell communication and are considered closely related with the modulation of angiogenesis and neurogenesis in many neurological diseases. In the past decade, numerous researchers were devoted to exosomes study, but the mechanism of exosomes function and delivery is uncertain. In this review, we summarized several potential mechanisms of exosomes function in angiogenesis, neurogenesis and Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) delivery, and differentiate various sources of exosomes in stroke, tumor, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Alzheimer's Disease (AD) aimed to report the most advanced mechanical theories in related past three years to provide a new sight for this research area.

Keywords: Exosomes, neurological diseases, biomarkers, angiogenesis, neurogenesis, blood brain barrier.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 24
ISSUE: 24
Year: 2018
Page: [2855 - 2861]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1381612824666180903113136
Price: $58

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