Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of Novel Thiazolyl Substituted Bis-pyrazole Oxime Derivatives with Potent Antitumor Activities by Selectively Inducing Apoptosis and ROS in Cancer Cells

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Author(s): Biao Xiong, Shi Chen, Peng Zhu, Meili Huang, Weijie Gao, Rui Zhu, Jianqiang Qian, Yanfu Peng, Yanan Zhang, Hong Dai , Yong Ling*.

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

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Background: A large number of pyrazole derivatives have different biological activities such as anticancer, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiepileptic activity. Among them, pyrazole oximes have attracted much attention due to their potential pharmacological activities, particularly anticancer activities. Objective: Our goal is to synthesize novel thiazolyl substituted bis-pyrazole oxime derivatives with potent antitumor activities by selectively inducing apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in cancer cells. Methods: Eighteen bis-pyrazole oximes were synthesized by conjugating thiazolyl substituted pyrazoles with pyrazoxime. The target compounds were characterized by 1HNMR, 13C NMR, and HRMS, and screened for their antiproliferative activity against four cancer cells in MTT assay. The most potent compound was examined for its inhibitory effect and ROS accumulation in both cancer cells HCT116 and normal intestinal epithelial cells CCD841. Finally, the most potent compound was further evaluated for its apoptotic induction by flow cytometry analysis and immunoblot analysis of apoptosis-related proteins and DNA damage proteins. Result: Most compounds displayed potent antiproliferative activity against four cancer cell lines in vitro, displaying potencies superior to 5-FU. In particular, the most potent compound 13l selectively inhibited proliferation of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells but not normal colon CCD841 cells. Furthermore, compound 13l also selectively promoted intracellular ROS accumulation in HCT116 which was involved in 13l inhibiting cancer cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis. Finally, compound 13l also dose-dependently induced cancer cell apoptosis by regulating apoptotic and DNA damage related proteins expressions. Conclusion: Our synthetic bis-pyrazole oxime derivatives possess potent antitumor activities by selectively inducing apoptosis and ROS accumulation in cancer cells, which may hold great promise as therapeutic agents for the treatment of human cancers.

Keywords: Synthesis, Bis-pyrazole oxime derivatives, Antiproliferative activity, Apoptosis, Reactive oxygen species (ROS)

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573406414666180827112724
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