Analysis of Spectrum Sensing Error and Spectrum Handoff for Non-Uniform Unlicensed Users in Cognitive Radio Network

Author(s): Kandasamy Subramanian Preetha*, Shanmugam Kalaivani, Thangappa Velmurugan.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Computer Science

Volume 11 , Issue 2 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Scarcity in frequency availability for communication systems prompts a dire need to explore technologies to avail existing available spectrum much more efficiently. Cognitive Radio Network (CRN) technology is one such promising solution. This technology permits the unlicensed users or Secondary Users (SU) to utilize the spectrum allocated to licensed users (Primary Users), when not in use by Primary Users (PU). But, SUs must do spectrum handoff whenever a PU wants its channel again for its own use. Also, the SUs continuously sense the channels to identify an idle channel. Error in the sensing channel is possible.

Method: Here, spectrum sensing errors are analyzed for non-uniform unlicensed users, in cognitive radio ad-hoc network. A detection theory is put forth, to sense error. In addition, it is possible that in a network, SUs may not have the same amount of data packets to transmit.

Result: It leads to variation in the number of frames i.e. non-uniform distribution. This effect is studied and a practical approach is proposed to calculate throughput. Average normalized SU throughput is compared with a signal to noise ratio using random and pseudorandom channel selection algorithm.

Conclusion: Thus, the simulation results are obtained and the effects are analyzed in the performance of overall network. The proposed model can be duly made use of to more practical network scenarios.

Keywords: Cognitive radio, non-uniform secondary users, spectrum handoff, spectrum sensing error, spectrum sharing, algorithm.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2018
Page: [143 - 154]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/2213275911666180817121739
Price: $58

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