Evaluation of Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern and Distribution of coa Genes in Coagulase-negative S. aureus from Ahvaz, Iran

Author(s): Saeed Shahmohammadi, Ahmad Farajzadeh Sheikh*, Mojtaba Shahin, Iman Mir.

Journal Name: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Infectious Disorders)

Volume 19 , Issue 4 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the important causes of clinical infections that can be more destructive by its antibiotic resistant strains.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the antibiotic susceptibility pattern and distribution of mecA and coa genes in clinical isolates of S. aureus.

Methods: Two hundred seventy-three specimens suspected to S. aureus were taken from hospitals of Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. Isolates were identified by standard microbiologic tests and confirmed by the molecular method. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out by disk diffusion method. The presence of mecA and coa genes was determined by PCR method.

Results: Of a total of 200 isolates which were tested for coagulase tube test, 143 (71.5%) showed coagulase positive, and 57 (28.5%) showed a coagulase-negative reaction. Antibacterial susceptibility pattern of 200 S. aureus isolates showed the highest and lowest susceptibility rate to linezolid (98%) and ciprofloxacin (42%), respectively. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) by detection of mecA gene was estimated as 47.5 % (95/200), of which the rate of MRSA in coagulase positive and negative isolates was 35% (50/143), and 65% (45/57), respectively. Meanwhile, coa gene was detected in 100% of coagulase positive and 28.1% of coagulasenegative isolates.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the number of atypical CNSA in our area is high. Since the coagulase test is an essential test for diagnosis of S. aureus, our findings regarding the emergence of CNSA are a warning about the misdiagnosis and selection of appropriate treatment approach for S. aureus isolates.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, antibiotic resistance, Coagulase, MRSA, pathogens, fibrin.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [383 - 387]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1871526518666180816101629
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