Redox Sensitive Polysaccharide Based Nanoparticles for Improved Cancer Treatment: A Comprehensive Review

Author(s): Erfaneh Ghassami, Jaleh Varshosaz, Somayeh Taymouri*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 24 , Issue 28 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Among the numerous bio-responsive polymeric drug delivery systems developed recently, redox-triggered release of molecular payloads have gained great deal of attention, especially in the field of anticancer drug delivery. In most cases, these systems rely on disulfide bonds located either in the matrix crosslinks, or in auxiliary chains to achieve stimuli-responsive drug release. These bonds keep their stability in extracellular environments, yet, rapidly break by thiol–disulfide exchange reactions in the cytosol, due to the presence of greater levels of glutathione. Polysaccharides are macromolecules with low cost, natural abundance, biocompatibility, biodegradability, appropriate physical and chemical properties, and presence of numerous functional groups which facilitate chemical or physical cross-linking.

Methods: With regards to the remarkable advantages of polysaccharides, in the current study, various polysaccharide-based redox-responsive drug delivery systems are reviewed. In most cases the in vitro/in vivo effects of the developed system were also evaluated.

Results: Considering the hypoxic and reducing nature of the tumor microenvironment, with several folds higher glutathione levels than the systemic tissues, redox-sensitive polymeric systems could be implemented for tumorspecific drug delivery and the results of the previous researches in this field indicated satisfactory achievements.

Conclusion: According to the reviewed papers, the efficiency of diverse redox-responsive polysaccharide-based nanoparticles with therapeutic payloads in cancer chemotherapy could be concluded. Nevertheless, more comprehensive studies are required to understand the exact intracellular and systemic fate of these nano-carriers, as well as their clinical efficacy for cancer treatment.

Keywords: Cancer, redox-responsive nanosystems, polysaccharide, nanogel, shell-sheddable micelles, pullulan, dextran, cancer chemotherapy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 24
ISSUE: 28
Year: 2018
Page: [3303 - 3319]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/1381612824666180813114841
Price: $58

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