Background: Euryale ferox Salisb. (Makhana) is a rooted macro-hydrophyte, grown as a
crop in north Bihar wetlands, India. Makhana refers to yummy pops prepared through mechanical
smacking of the baked seeds of E. ferox. New techniques have been evolved to produce pops from
seeds at a brisk pace.
Objective: It is specially associated with marital rituals possibly in view of its spermatogenic properties.
It has a high amino acid index but a low glycemic value. The plant carries medicinal values
against cardiovascular and diabetes-related diseases. Makhana pops with a high volume to mass ratio,
is developed as a reliable system for drug delivery in the recent times.
Results: There is a fair prospect of raising multi-faceted industry based on Makhana culture, harvest,
post-harvest safety, preparation of pops and various types of food products therefrom and marketing in
areas where water-logging is considered as a curse. It may generate employment and strengthen regional
economy propping check on population migration primarily due to non-employment and poverty.
Conclusion: Active research is required to harness this macro-hydrophyte along with co-culture of
compatible fish varieties and other hydrophytes into a sustainable livelihood and economic prosperity.