Effects of Calcination on Sol-gel Synthesis of Hollow Spherical 8%B-TiO2 for Photocatalytic Degradation of RBR X-3B -Characterization and Activity

Author(s): Lili Yang , Yao Zhao , Jing Li , Yanwen Zhou , Xuan Xiao , Wenjie Zhang* .

Journal Name: Current Nanoscience

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: TiO2-based materials can be utilized in both polluted air and wastewater treatments. Ion doping is the most applied modification method, and many kinds of metal ions and nonmetal ions are doped into a TiO2 crystalline skeleton. The hollow spherical photocatalyst can both easily suspend in wastewater under aeration and settle down after treatment to release the water.

Methods: The hollow spherical B-TiO2 photocatalyst was prepared by a sol-gel method. Tetrabutyl titanate and tributyl borate were used as the titanium and boron sources. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), infrared spectrum (FTIR), and N2 adsorption-desorption techniques.

Results: The 8%B-TiO2 material is composed of anatase TiO2 when the calcination temperature is below 600°C. The graphical template is burnt out during calcination to leave a hole in the spherical 8%B-TiO2. The BET surface area of the materials declines from 53.2 m2/g at 400°C to 10.6 m2/g at 700°C. High-temperature thermal treatment results in the small surface area and large pore size. The activity of the 8%B-TiO2 materials was studied on adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of RBR X-3B dye. The 8%B-TiO2 sample prepared at 600°C has the maximum activity on RBR X-3B degradation. After five cycles, decoloration efficiency on the 8%B-TiO2 decreases from 100% in the first cycle to 80% in the fifth cycle.

Conclusion: Photocatalytic activity of the hollow spherical material depends on calcination temperature with the optimum activity on the sample obtained at 600°C. The hollow spherical 8%B-TiO2 has satisfactory performance for recycling. Photocatalytic degradation of RBR X-3B can be proven by the UV-Vis spectra during the degradation process.

Keywords: Photocatalytic degradation, calcination, boron-doped, TiO2, hollow spherical, sol-gel.

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Article Details

Year: 2019
Page: [289 - 295]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573413714666180717112803
Price: $58

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