Background: Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) is one of the most common noxious antenatal
conditions in humans, inducing a substantial proportion of preterm delivery and leading to a
significant increase in perinatal mortality, neurological handicaps and chronic diseases in adulthood.
This review summarizes the current knowledge about the postnatal consequences of FGR,
with a particular emphasis on the long-term consequences on respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological
structures and functions.
Result and Conclusion: FGR represents a global health challenge, and efforts are urgently needed
to improve our understanding of the critical factors leading to FGR and subsequent insults to the
Keywords: FGR, maternal malnutrition, neonatal brain injury, long-term handicap, perinatal mortality, diseases.
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