Background: The data on the specific synthesis of elemental silver nanoparticles (Ag-NP)
having the forms of various geometric bodies (pseudo spherical, prismatic, cubic, trigonal-pyramidal,
etc.), obtained by various methods, have been systematized and generalized.
Objective: It is noted that the forms and sizes of Ag-NP are greatly dependant on the conditions in
which they are formed.
Method: Comparison of the data of the characteristics of silver nanoparticles obtained by chemical,
physicochemical and biological methods has been made.
Results: It has been shown that form and size of produced Ag-NP depend strongly on the such factors
as temperature, the concentration of silver(I) containing precursor, pH of the solution, the molar
ratio between capping agent and silver(I) containing precursor, reducing agents etc., and, also, on the
method used for Ag-NP synthesis (chemical, physicochemical or biological).
Conclusion: It has also been noted that biological methods of synthesis of Ag-NP are generally more
preferable in comparison with the chemical and physicochemical methods. The review covers mainly
publications published in the last 20 years.