Background: Because of the unknown situation of antibiotic resistance
pattern in the main hospital in Ilam, Iran, we aimed to evaluate the antibiotic resistance
pattern of uropathogenic bacteria obtained from referred patients to Imam
Khomaini Hospital, Ilam, Iran. So, 114 bacteria were collected during 9-month period
and evaluated for their antibiotic resistance patterns.
Results: Our results demonstrated that Escherichia coli as the dominant responsible for
urinary tract infection. Our results demonstrated that 61.4 % (n = 70) of isolates were
positive for E.coli, while lowest prevalence was observed for Staphylococcus aureus
and Acinetobacter baumannii. The results also showed that 6.4% (n = 7) were metallo
beta lactamase (MBL) producers. Our findings showed only 4 gram positive bacteria
were obtained from patients with urinary tract infections including one methicillin resistant
S. aureus (MRSA) and 2 vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE).
Conclusion: In conclusion, we strongly recommended to perform a perfect study
among all hospitals in Iran to evaluate the situation of antibiotic resistance and make
a real panel to control this issue.