Liver Radioembolization: An Analysis of Parameters that Influence the Catheter-Based Particle-Delivery via CFD

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Author(s): Jorge Aramburu*, Raul Anton, Alejandro Rivas, Juan Carlos Ramos, Bruno Sangro, Jose Ignacio Bilbao.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

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Abstract:

Radioembolization (RE) is a valuable treatment for liver cancer. It consists of administering radioactive microspheres by an intra-arterially placed catheter with the aim of lodging these microspheres, which are driven by the bloodstream, in the tumoral bed. Even though it is a safe treatment, some radiation-induced complications may arise. In trying to detect or solve the possible incidences that cause nontarget irradiation, simulating the particle– hemodynamics in hepatic arteries during RE by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools has become a valuable approach. This paper reviews the parameters that influence the outcome of RE that has been studied via numerical simulations. In this numerical approach, the outcome of RE is regarded as successful if particles reach the artery branches that feed tumor-bearing liver segments. Up to 10 parameters have been reviewed. The variation of each parameter actually alters the hemodynamic pattern in the vicinities of the catheter tip and locally alters the incorporation of the particles into the bloodstream. Therefore, in general, the local influences of these parameters should result in global differences in terms of particle distribution in the hepatic artery branches. However, it has been observed that under some (qualitatively described) appropriate conditions where particles align with blood streamlines, the local influence resulting from a variation of a given parameter vanishes and no global differences are observed. Furthermore, the increasing number of CFD studies on RE suggests that numerical simulations have become an invaluable research tool in the study of RE.

Keywords: radioembolization, hemodynamics, computational fluid–particle dynamics, liver cancer, hepatic artery, particle delivery

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/0929867325666180622145647
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